Everything You Need to Know About Capitalising Titles for Essay
One of the most important rules that you must remember when writing an essay is capitalising titles and headings. Many students make the mistake of not capitalising correctly, which can lead to a lower grade. Writers of academic paperwork usually face problems choosing the right title style and heading for their work. This becomes more difficult when you have to deal with an essay or research paper whose headings include titles and subtitles. When it comes to writing essays, the title and heading are two of the most important aspects. You want your title to be catchy and interesting so that readers will want to read more, while your heading should concisely state the main points of your essay. In order to capitalise on titles and headings correctly, you need to follow a few simple rules.
Capitalization of Title: Basics
Unfortunately, some students believe it is okay not to capitalise the first word in a title and start writing words after it with lowercase letters. As a result, we get such texts as: "An investigation into the phenomena", "A study of juvenile delinquency", etc., which look bad and inappropriate. This mistake happens because of the lack of knowledge on how to write titles properly, so let's highlight some main rules you should know about capitalising them.
The first thing you need to know is that all words in a title are always capitalised except articles (i.e., "a", "an", "the"), prepositions (e.g., "of", "from"), etc.
E.g. How to Write Essay Introductions: 6 Tips
However, there are several types of titles, which differ according to their capitalisation forms. For instance, if the title has got its own subtitle or it includes another heading inside while being divided into two lines, then capitalises only the first letter of the first word and proper nouns:
E.g. How to Write Essay Introductions: 6 Tips on Writing an Effective Introduction"
If a title is divided into two lines, then capitalise all words but the first letters of every word after the dividing line: E:g The Complications and Joys of Being a Teenager.
Besides, if titles include some dates or numbers, do not forget about capitalising them as well. For example: "Year 2012", "Fifth Grade", etc. However, it would help if you kept in mind that such cases are valid only when these details appear at the beginning of a title (before any comma). If they indicate some period (usually following colon), then do not capitalise on them: "From 1913-1945: The Great War".
E.g. How to Write Essay Heading: Formatting and Capitalisation
Now, let's see how a heading should look like properly. Unfortunately, there is no specific rule on headings capitalisation for essays or research papers, which means that writers can choose any style they want from below proposed by our experts at EssayLib.com writing service: E:g "Writing an Argumentative Essay - Step By Step Guide or "Writing An Argumentative Essay - Step By Step Guide", etc. At the same time, you don't need to make a choice between these three styles right now, as all of them are correct and acceptable for academic paper writing. However, it is extremely important to pick the one which is used in your University or College for its students' work.
Considering these Expert’s Recommendations
- Capitalise all words and leave no space between them: "How to Write Essay Introductions: 6 Tips on Writing an Effective Introduction". At the same time, there must not be any punctuation signs at the end of a title (e.g., '.', '?' etc.).
- If titles are divided into two lines without any logical connections, then capitalise all words after the first line ending with comma except articles ("a", "an", "the"), prepositions ("of", "from"), etc. In this case, there should not be any punctuation marks at the end of a heading: E:gThe Complications and Joys of Being a Teenager.”
- If titles include some date or numbers, don't forget to capitalise them as well: "Year 2012", "Fifth Grade", etc.: "From 1913-1945: The Great War".
- Write only one space before the first letter in each word after a title ending with a colon or semicolon: E:gWriting an Argumentative Essay - Step By Step Guide; Writing An Essay Introduction."
- If you need to put commas inside your headings (mainly for titles divided into two lines or a line with two parts), then separate them from each other with a space. In fact, you can place commas wherever you want inside your headings but it is not recommended to do so as this might alter the readability of this part: "How to Write Essay Introductions - 6 Tips on Writing an Effective Introduction".
- You can also leave Headings without any punctuation marks at all:"Writing an Argumentative Essay - Step By Step Guide". However, the latter method is not preferable to use for academic works and has been used in old-fashioned publications only. Otherwise, don't forget that if your article includes some proper nouns (names of writers, books' titles etc.), then they must be capitalised according to the general rules of English language. For example: "Poe's Manuscript Clarissa".
How to Write Essay Headings in APA Style?
Now, let's take a look at how an essay or research paper heading should be written in American Psychological Association (APA) format. This is another common style that can be used for different academic works. If you are not sure whether your professor requires using this citation style, then visit APA Formatting and Style Guide by Modern Language Association (MLA). As for APA headings, they must include all crucial elements of a heading except numbers which are usually followed by full-stops, question marks etc.:
- Capitalise only the first letter of the first word.
- Leave no space between words, but if titles are divided into two lines, then there should be one space before the first letter after a title ending with colon or semicolon: "Writing an Argumentative Essay - Step By Step Guide; Writing An Essay Introduction".
- If you need to subdivide headings into several paragraphs, then leave these paragraphs without any indentations. However, you can use hanging indentations for different parts inside the article's main part (i.e., instead of the indented first line).
- Always put commas between headings and text they refer to: "How to Write Essay Introductions 6 Tips on Writing an Effective Introduction".
- If titles include some data, then they should be written in the form of a number followed by the abbreviated word "No.": 4th Grade, No. 1 (first) etc.: "From 1913-1945: The Great War".
- There is no need to use capital letters at all if you don't want to emphasise any word of the heading or its part. In this case, headings will look like bullet points divided into lines without any indentations and spaces between words: E:g How To Write Essay Introductions 6 Tips On Writing An Effective Introduction".
- Moreover, there must not be anything else but commas after each heading except for a special case when a heading of the last part of the text will be followed by a question mark or full-stop: "How To Write Essay Introductions? 6 Tips on Writing an Effective Introduction".
- Don't forget to include all important components of a heading in case your thesis includes some headings with multiple parts, divisions etc. Therefore, every component should be present except hanging indentations, which is rare nowadays.
- You can also use hanging indentations for different sections and subsections inside the main part of the work (without numbering): "Writing An Argumentative Essay - Step By Step Guide; Writing An Essay Introduction".
If you need to subdivide Headings into several paragraphs, don't worry about it and indent the first line as you do it for other paragraphs.
Get 1:1 Assistance for All Essay Queries
So, now you know that all headings (part and subheadings) must be numbered and written in a certain style, depending on the format your teacher requires. However, if you are unsure about correct formatting, ask your professor for help. Capitalising on titles and headings for essays is important to make your writing more commanding. Capitalising words also helps you write faster by giving the reader a visual cue that this is an important sentence or point in the paper.
We hope you will be able to take what we have given you to help your essay come alive. We are here to help you with your essay writing. Reach out if you need any assistance in writing the conclusion of an essay, or any other part for that matter!. Let us know if you need any assistance! The top-rated mentors of India Assignment Help will be the guides for you!